Periodontal disease is a specific kind of progressive gum disease that develops over some period of time. It can affect anyone and its very important to diagnose it early. There are many signs that periodontal disease is developing. Your dentist can help you identify the disease in progress. If you have already been diagnosed with periodontal disease, seek constant dental care.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is often caused by numerous factors. Those include insufficient oral hygiene, genetics and smoking, among many other factors. Most noteworthy, studies show that people who have insufficient oral hygiene habits tend to develop the disease at a higher rate.

Brushing and flossing after each meal are the main things that people can do to help prevent the disease from developing. Also, having routine dental exams allow your dental professional to detect early warning signs of disease. In addition, they can refer patients to a periodontics specialist
as needed.

How Periodontal Disease Forms

The oral cavity has lots of bacteria in one form or another. This bacteria feeds and grows on the food and beverages that we consume. As the bacteria grows in number plaque buildup can occur, which you can detect yourself. This is the sticky substance on teeth that you feel when you wake up in the morning. If this plaque isn’t removed with brushing and flossing, it can harden on your teeth like cement.

Mouth bacteria also thrive on plaque. As plaque hardens, it becomes impossible for you to brush away with a regular toothbrush. As a result, periodontal disease can begin to develop. At this stage, the services of a dentist and then possibly a periodontist are necessary to intervene in the development of the disease.

What Are the Signs of Periodontal Disease?

There are several signs of the existence of periodontal disease, including:

  • Gum recession — where the gums recede and leave more of the tooth visible
  • Bone loss – determined with radiographs and periocharting
  • Shifting of teeth – where teeth shift from their original position
  • Denigration of the gum tissue – similar to gum recession, but where the gum actually disintegrates

What Are the Treatments for Periodontal Disease?

There are several tools and treatments available for combating periodontal disease. These treatments include scaling and root planing, as well as prescriptive antibiotics. Antibiotics may include injections, topical and oral rinses. Arestin is a form of tetracycline (doxycline) that helps us fight this periodontal disease better.

Certainly, chances are good that you can recover if you seek treatment and follow the guidelines of your periodontist.

What is Scaling & Root Planing Treatment?

Scaling is a procedure that hygienist or doctor performs to remove the plaque and calculus below the gum tissue line. Your dental professional works with specialized tools that are specifically designed to remove hardened, calcified deposits on teeth. The tools may consist of a metal instrument or an ultrasonic scaler.

After the scaling treatment, the periodontist may proceed to root planing. This is a treatment where the periodontist smooths the tooth at the root. As a result, root planing makes it harder for bacteria to grow on the roots in the future. Furthermore, root planing is also instrumental in helping gum tissue to heal and reattach to teeth. For this reason, it helps to shrink pockets, thereby reducing the potential for future infection.

Periodontists recommend scaling and root planing when patients exhibit certain symptoms and conditions during the course of a dental visit. Another thing that dentists check for is the size of pockets surrounding the teeth. Using a tool, the dentist measures each tooth pocket, or loose area around the tooth and below the gum line. In addition, other signs that scaling and root planing may be needed include receding gums, chronic halitosis and inflamed or bleeding gums.

If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, the sooner you get treatment, the better your recovery outlook. Contact Riverdale Dental P.C. today at 718-548-3353 to schedule your appointment with Dr. Eric Poznyansky and learn more about periodontal disease treatment in Riverdale, New York.