Gum disease is the infection and inflammation of the gum tissues and it is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene and the buildup of hardened tartar at the gumline. If left untreated, it poses a significant danger to your mouth as well as your entire body.
Gingivitis is the earliest form of gum disease. Early symptoms include red and inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing. Gingivitis usually also includes issues with chronic bad breath.
If gingivitis goes untreated, it will gradually develop into the most advanced form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis. This level of infection and inflammation in the gum tissue can cause your gums to pull back from the base of your teeth. This allows an infection to permeate deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even cause the loss of the structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.
The systemic inflammation that periodontitis causes can have a long-term negative effect on your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. Even though gum disease is not the underlying cause of these conditions, they do have a relationship that can complicate your treatment options.
If you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease in Riverdale, New York, or if you have oral hygiene issues, you should call your dentist, Dr. Sidney Adler, at 718-548-3353 to explore your treatment options at Riverdale Oral Health and Implant Center.